Research works Research proposals pending with NIRD. Action Research  

Academic Committee

An Academic Committee was formed for SIRD as per GO (MS) No.280/2003/LSGD dtd: 22.09.2003 with the following structure.

  Principal Secretary to Government LSG (RD) Department, Government of Kerala Chairman
  The Secretary to Government, Planning Department    Member 
  The Commissioner for Rural Development    Member
  The State Link Officer for Kerala from the NIRD, Hyderbad  Member
  The Director, IMG, Thiruvananthapuram  Member
  The Director, KILA, Thrissur   Member
  The Executive Director, Kudumbasree  Member
  State Performance audit Officer  Member
  One of the Faculty Members of SIRD(On rotation Basis)  Member
  The Principals of the Extension Training Centres of Kottarakara,
  Mannuthy and Talipaaramba  
Member
  The Director, SIRD    Convenor

Research Works

            Five faculty members of the Institute have undertaken research studies in the previous years.  The details are furnished as under.


Research works already completed


Topic of Study/Consultancy Year Person who have undertaken
Study on JRY  in Kollam District 1999-2000 Dr. Oommen John
Study on EAS 1999-2000 Dr. Motilal. M.R.
Study on Women Component Plan in Kerala ( Funded by UNICEF) 1999-2000 Dr. Leelakumari. P.
Dr. Oommen John
Evaluation of IWDP in Idukki District (Funded by Govt. of India) 1999-2000 Dr. Leelakumari. P.
Restructuring of Food Processing & Nutrition Centre,
Balusseri
2000-01 Dr. P.N. Prasad
Evaluation of IWDP in Malappuram District (sponsored by GOI) 2001-02 Dr. Motilal. M.R.
Empowerment of Women(sponsored by NIRD) 2002-03 Dr. Leelakumari. P.
Evaluation of IWDP in Wayanad District (Funded by GOI) 2002-03 Dr. Oommen John
Evaluation of IWDP in Palakkad District (sponsored by GOI) 2002-03 Dr. Motilal. M.R.
Evaluation of IWDP in Thrissur District (sponsored by
GOI)
2002-03 Dr. P.N. Prasad

Gender and Development – Documentation Study(Funded by UNDP)

2002-03

Dr. Leelakumari. P.

Documentation of Best Practices  in Water Supply (Funded by UNDP)

2003-04

Dr. Oommen John

Documentation of Best Practices in Watershed Management
(Funded by UNDP)

2003-04

Dr. Motilal. M.R.

Action Research Project(Sponsored by NIRD)

2002-04

Dr. Motilal. M.R

Comprehensive Development Project in Thirurangadi Block

2003-04

Sri. S. Radhakrishnan Nair
Dr. Motilal. M.R
Dr. Oommen John

Comprehensive Development Project in Thodupuzha LA Constituency 2003-04 Sri. C. Jacob
Formerly faculty member, SIRD, now Project Officer, DRDA, Wayanad
National Study on Social Mobilisation Employment and Empowerment through SHGs (Sponsored by NIRD)   Dr. Leela Kumari P
UNDP Project on Best practices in Water supply (Sponsored by KILA   Dr. Oommen John
UNDP Project on Gender and Development (Sponsored by KILA   Dr. Leela Kumari  P
UNDP Project on Documentation of Best Practices : Watershed Development (Sponsored by KILA)   Dr. Motilal
Concurrent Monitoring Projects by Local Self Government(Sponsored by State Planning Board)   Dr. Oommen John
Action Research Project on Integrated Approach to Village Development (Sponsored by NIRD)   Dr. Motilal
Study Report on Gender Audit - 2009  2009-2010  Dr. Leelakumary


 Evaluation Study of JRY in Kollam District

            The study approved by Government of Kerala was conducted in Kollam District.  The evaluation was conducted not only to study the impact of JRY in the generation of gainful employment for the unemployed and the underemployed but also to explore the impact on the living standards of the beneficiaries.

            The study found that JRY helped the beneficiaries to improve their family income.  They got employment during the lean periods and thus contributed substantially to the household income.  The generation of employment and creation of assets in favour of the beneficiaries have led to improvement in the overall quality of life among the beneficiaries in the study area.

 Evaluation of Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)

            The evaluation was sponsored by the Commissionerate of Rural Development, Government of Kerala.  EAS was initiated as a wage employment programme by the minority of Rural Development, Government of India during 1993-94.  Though EAS was under implementation in Kerala since 94-95, no study has been conducted so far.  Therefore the evaluation was assigned to SIRD by the Commissionerate to study the scheme in all its ramifications.  Six districts were identified for the study and one Block each from the selected districts were considered for data collection.  The study was completed and the report was submitted to the CRD.

Studies on Women Component Plan in Kerala (Funded by UNICEF)

            The study funded by UNICEF was a situational analysis of Women Component Plan, which looked at the ground reality in the eyes of the perception of the stakeholders having a direct and indirect stake in the programme.

            Through the WCP, development of women has been brought on the agenda of the local bodies.  It also helped them to occupy space to intervene in the development process.  Its impact has made the stakeholders begin to think of improving the projects so that in the long run, it may address gender related issues.  Wherever it made an impact, women are coming forward to take their rightful place in society by putting forth demands forcefully.

Evaluation of IWDP in Idukki District

            The main objective of the Evaluation was to assess the implementation of the IWDP Project with reference to objectives specified to the guidelines issued by Government of India.  The specified objectives are to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of project implementation and to evaluate the Socio-economic and ecological impact of the project.  It also suggested recommendations for the implementation of IWDP in future.  The evaluation has been carried out by assessing the qualitative and quantitative progress achieved by the project implemented from 1996-97 to 2000-01 in Idukki District.  Based on the findings of the study the positive aspects o IWDP project  is effective and beneficial to the community.  It has developed a positive socio-economic as well as ecological balance and environmental protection.  Field experiences shows that local community can manage and protect natural resources self initiated and can evolve on rules and procedures for protecting and preserving them in the process of improving quality of life. 

            The main recommendation of the project was the Watershed Management works should be integrated with Panchayat level Watershed Master Plan.  It will be helpful in implementation with a holistic approach and also helpful in avoiding duplication of work and identification of beneficiaries.  The equal distribution of subsidy to small sector farmers and marginal farmers should be avoided because marginal farmers could not afford the cost of construction in difficult area.  Hence area specific norms for the disbursement of subsidy should be initiated in IWDP.

 Report on Re-structuring of Food Processing and Nutrition Centre, Balussery 

            The Food Processing and Nutrition Centre, Balussery which is a production cum training unit for food processing has not been functioning properly.  SIRD was entrusted with the task of preparing feasibility report for the revival of this unit. The techno-commercial feasibility study was undertaken and a revival report was prepared and submitted in the year 2000.

 Evaluation of IWDP in Malappuram

The evaluation was assigned to SIRD by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.  The main objective of the evaluation was to assess the implementation of the project with reference to the objectives specified in the project and the guidelines issued by the Government for implementation.  The project under evaluation of the study was the project- I which was sanctioned by the Government.  The evaluation had been carried out by assessing the qualitative and quantitative progress achieved by the project implemented during 1991-92 to 1995-96 and comparing it with baseline status of the area inferred from secondary sources, discussions, interaction with the beneficiaries and field visits.

 Evaluation of Integrated Watershed Development Project of Thrissur

            The project which was funded by Government of India was entrusted to DRDA, Thrissur for implementation in the year 1991.  The project has not been completed even after a lapse of 10 years.  Meanwhile, several audit reports, pointed out serious discrepancies in the implementation of the project.  The final evaluation of the project was conducted and recommendation were submitted to the government.

 Evaluation of IWDP in Palakkad

            The evaluation was assigned to SIRD by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and Commissionerate of Rural Development, GOK. The main objective of the evaluation was to assess the implementation of the project with reference to the objectives specified in the project and the guidelines issued by the Government for implementation.  Both the projects, Project I and II sanctioned by the Government were evaluated  under the study.  The evaluation had been carried out by assessing the qualitative and quantitative progress achieved by the project implemented during 1991-92 to 1995-96 and comparing it with baseline status of the area inferred from secondary sources, discussions, interaction with the beneficiaries and field visits.

Evaluation of IWDP in Wayanad District

            The IWDP Project proposed to cover 4000 hectares of non-forest wastelands and 500 hectares of degraded forests in the six Watershed areas of two development Blocks vis., Kalpetta and Manathawady.  The project entailed a total outlay of Rs. 315.47 lakhs and it was to be completed within four years starting from 11994-95 to 1997-98.  However,  due to different reasons the project could not be completed in time.  In fact, Government of India foreclosed the project due to tardy implementation.  A substantial amount of funds is lying unspent with DRDA.

            The main objective of the present evaluation was to assess the implementation of the project with reference to the objectives specified in the project and to the guidelines issued by the Government of India for IWDP implementation.  During the evaluation, it was observed that conditions still prevail for a project of this nature in Wayanad.  Considering the importance of conservation of the depleting natural resources, as well as the regeneration of forests and the preservation of ecological balance in the district, a project of this nature is very essential.  The need outweighs the reasons for closing the project.  Thus, instead of refunding the remaining IWDP funds, it is recommended that DRDA and other implementing agencies may be permitted to submit revised project proposal for the balance amount with DRDA and this may be considered favourably by Government of India.

 Empowerment of Women

           The study is sponsored by NIRD with the objective of assessing the process of empowerment ie – the level of awareness, perception, participation and decision making of elected women representatives.  It also examines the problems and issues involved in gender governance.  The factor analysis shows that age is a significant factor in  the understanding of the awareness level among the women members.  Several cases of facts shows that women face obstacles in accessing financial resources such as project allocation and funding pattern and annual budgeting in three tier panchayats.  They are not entirely in the dark about the functioning the local institutions.  Women have been  benefited from the reservation and other schemes designed to empower them.  Reservation of women ensured an opportunity to participate in the activities and functioning of the Panchayats.  Participation of women in programmes and perception about the women themselves   have shown a positive version.  The total picture of the study shows that in the process of empowerment of women through PRI is a positive sign for women development in Kerala.  The study suggests that in order to ensure women’s participation in local bodies, training in accounts, budget procedure fiancé management,  administrative procedure, skills like assertiveness, negotiation skills etc. have to be imparted with equal importance on a continuing basis.

Research works (ongoing)

  • A Project on Preparation of Master Plan for Madappally Block Panchayat funded by NIRD – Dr. Leela Kumari P. & Sri. Saheerudeen S.
  • UNDP Project on Gender Audit sponsored by State Planning Board – Dr. Leela Kumari. P.
  • District Human Resource Report for Kannur – Dr. Oommen John & Dr. Leela Kumari P.

 

Gender and Development Documentation Study

             The study has made an attempt to document model projects on Women Development/Gender related activities.  From three regions 20 cases were identified and documented. The cases are not only concentrated on income generating activities but also gender oriented activities such as anti liquor campaign, agricultural work etc.

Watershed Development Documentation  Study

            Proper utilization, consideration and maintenance of natural resource are considered to be the prerequisite of sustainable development.  In order to achive this at the micro level, watershed based approach provides appropriate framework and ample opportunity.  It not only integrates various components but also provides scope for effective community participation in planning, implementation and management of land, water and common property resources.   Though many agencies have taken up watershed projects in different areas in the state, effort of proper documentation is not done.  Keeping this in view the present project has been taken up by SIRD with the financial support of UNDP with the major objective of documenting the best practices adopted in this area.

 Best Practices in Water Supply Documentation  Study

            Though Kerala is endowed with abundance of rainwater, scarcity of drinking water is a regular feature in many places during certain months.  Failure in harnessing the natural water wealth is the crux of the problem.  In the recent past certain Panchayati Raj Institutions and Community Organisations in the state have already taken up initiatives to harvest drinking water.  This study has been taken up with the financial support of UNDP programme with the major objective of documenting success stories in this are.

Watershed based Master Plan for Thiroorangady Block Panchayat- LA Constituency

            In response to a memorandum submitted by Sri. Kutty Ahammed Kutty MLA (Hon’ble Minister for  LSG Department at present)  to the Hon’ble Minister for Rural Development, Government of Kerala, Commissionerate of Rural Development, SIRD has been directed to prepare Watershed based Master Plan of Thiroorangady Block Panchayat- LA Constituency.  Different components of the project were entrusted to different agencies in the meetings convened by the MLA in connection with the execution of the project.  While responsibility of the preparation of the resource mapping of the Grama Panchayats has been assigned to the Land Use Board, responsibility of primary data collection has been taken up by Dr. Terry Machado of CESS.  Secondary data collection and plan preparation will be done by SIRD.  As far as the progress of the work is concerned it may be noted that the PRM is completed and the data collection both primary and secondary data is it progress.

Comprehensive Development Project in Thodupuzha LA Constituency

            In response to a memorandum submitted by Sri. P.T. Thomas, MLA, to the Hon’ble Minister for Rural Development, Government of Kerala, Commissionerate of Rural Development, Thiruvananthapuram has directed SIRD to prepare a Master Plan for the comprehensive development of Thodupuzha LA Constituency.  The Commissioner for Rural Development has also directed to entrust the task with a faculty member of the Institute.  Thus the work has been entrusted with Sri. C. Jacob, faculty member

Concurrent  Monitoring of Projects of Local Government by External Agencies

            Government of Kerala decided to institute a system of concurrent monitoring of the performance of Local Government through field visits to be organized by expert institutions.  The process of decentralization, functioning  of local governments, the level of participation of beneficiary households in decentralization, the impact of schemes etc. will be assessed while carrying out the concurrent monitoring.  SIRD, Kerala has been identified as one of the agencies.

            The Concurrent Monitoring is carried out in Vettikkavala Block Pannchayat and all projects of District Panchayat implemented with the selected block will be monitored.  Besides this, all projects of Grama Panchayat and Block Panchayats within the selected block area are also be monitored.

Research proposals pending with NIRD.

Topic of Study/Consultancy

Person who have undertaken

Working of Grama Sabhas in Kerala : Analysis

Dr. Oommen John

Indicators of Good Governance – Through People’s perception Dr. Leelakumari. P.

Working of Grama Sabhas in Kerala: An analysis

The Grama Sabhas are visualized as a forum of direct democracy where the people are given a chance not only in electing their representatives but also in discussing, deciding and participating in the developmental activities of the Panchayat.  In Kerala, the Grama Sabhas or ward sabhas are a new entity, as it did not have this participatory structure before.  It is supposed to meet every quarter and the quorum for these meetings is one tenth of the total voters of the ward sabhas.  But for subsequent meetings arising from lack of quorum, the strength is only 50.  The powers and responsibilities are very elaborate and clearly laid down in the Act.

The Grama Sabhas have played an important role in the initial stages of People’s Campaign for Decentralized Planning.  In fact, they have been the live wire in the whole process of planning at the grass root level.  But over years, the quality of participation has been declining and the people have begun to perceive it as a forum for receiving doles and concessions.  The participation has been more for selection of beneficiaries and gradually declines for the rest of the meetings.  The meetings are attended by people belonging to the below poverty line categories and the representation of middle class is very miniscule.

The study looks at the woking of Grama Sabhas vis-a vis its funcitions and tries to identify the reasons that mar or hinder the participation  of people in its meetings.  It also tries to suggest measures to revitalize the Grama Sabha.  The study will be completed  by end of February,2005.

Indicators of Good Governance – Through People’s Perception 

            The main objective of the study is to identify the indicators of  Good Governance through people’s perceptions.  Other objectives are to analys the opinion and views of people regarding the service delivery of Government, to evaluate the contempt of society regarding the efficiency and effectiveness of services and to formulate a standard format of indicators for good governance. It is proposed to be completed by July,2004.

 

 

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